WASHINGTON: Recent studies conducted by researchers from the University of Hawaii have determined that nutrient pollution caused by human activities may accelerate the negative impacts of global acidification on coral reefs.
Nutrient pollution is caused when excess nutrients enter water sources, hence promoting the excess growth of Algae. The more the Algae, the higher amount of Carbon Dioxide is released into the water, hence promoting ocean acidification. The high levels of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) decrease the pH of water hence making it acidic which in turn affects the coral reefs.
Coral reefs provide a critical ecosytem and are made up of a three-dimensional structure which starts declining in acidic water.
Runaway water from the fields carry fertilisers rich in nutrients and are dumped into the ocean, hence speeding up the process.
These findings are documented in the Journal of proceedings of the Royal Society.